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Chapter 1. Introduction to Geology


Learning Objectives

After carefully reading this chapter, completing the exercises within it, and answering the questions at the end, you should be able to:

  • Explain what geology is, how it incorporates the other sciences, and how it is different from the other sciences
  • Discuss why we study Earth and what type of work geologists do
  • Gain an appreciation for the vastness of geological time, and describe how very slow geological processes can have enormous impacts over time
  • Explain how the principle of uniformitarianism allows us to translate observations about Earth today into knowledge about how Earth worked in the past
  • Summarize the main idea behind plate tectonics, and explain why the development of this theory was so important for how we do geology today


Creative Commons License
Chapter 1. Introduction to Geology by Karla Panchuk is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.