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Chapter 18. Geological Resources

Chapter 18. Geological Resources

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, completing the exercises within it, and answering the questions at the end, you should be able to:

  • Describe the importance of geological resources to our way of life
  • Summarize the types of materials mined in Canada and explain some of the processes involved in the formation of metal deposits
  • Explain how a metal deposit is developed into a mine
  • Define acid rock drainage (ARD) and discuss why some mines can lead to ARD and contamination of the environment by metals
  • Summarize some of the important industrial materials extracted in Canada and describe what they are used for
  • Describe the processes that lead to the formation of coal deposits
  • Explain the processes that lead to the formation of oil and gas, the distinction between source rocks and reservoir rocks, and the importance of traps
  • Describe the origins and recovery of some of the unconventional fossil fuels
  • Describe the origins, discovery, and extraction of diamonds in Canada


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Chapter 18. Geological Resources by Karla Panchuk is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.