Contents

  1. Physical Geology

    1. Welcome!
  2. Copyright

  3. Acknowledgments

  4. Preface to the Second Adapted Edition

  5. Preface to the Original Edition

  6. Chapter 12. Earthquakes

  7. Chapter 13. Geological Structures

  8. Chapter 14. Streams and Floods

    1. 14.1 The Hydrological Cycle

    2. 14.2 Drainage Basins

    3. 14.3 Stream Erosion and Deposition

      1. Stream Velocity Depends on the Shape and Size of the Channel
      2. Sediment Transport Depends on Stream Velocity and Turbulence
    4. 14.4 Stream Types

    5. 14.5 Flooding

    6. Chapter 14 Summary

  9. Chapter 15. Mass Wasting

    1. 15.1 Factors That Control Slope Stability

      1. Slope Angle and the Forces Acting On A Slope
      2. Slope Strength
      3. Mass-Wasting Triggers
    2. 15.2 Classification of Mass Wasting

      1. Rock Fall
      2. Rock Slide
      3. Rock Avalanche
      4. Creep or Solifluction
      5. Slump
      6. Mudflows and Debris Flows
    3. 15.3 Preventing, Delaying, Monitoring, and Mitigating Mass Wasting

      1. Preventing and Delaying Mass Wasting
      2. Monitoring Mass Wasting
      3. Mitigating the Impacts of Mass Wasting
    4. Chapter 15 Summary

  10. Chapter 18. Geological Resources

    1. 18.1 If You Can't Grow It, You Have to Mine It

    2. 18.2 Metal Deposits

      1. Types of Metal Deposits
      2. Mining and Mineral Processing
    3. 18.3 Industrial Minerals

    4. 18.4 Fossil Fuels

      1. Coal
      2. Oil and Gas
    5. 18.5 Diamonds

    6. Chapter 18 Summary

  11. Appendix

  12. Glossary

  13. Appendix 1 List of Geologically Important elements and the Periodic Table

  14. Appendix 2 Answers for Study Questions

    1. Chapter 1. Introduction to Geology
    2. Chapter 2. The Origin of Earth and the Solar System
    3. Chapter 3. Earth’s Interior
    4. Chapter 4. Plate Tectonics
    5. Chapter 5. Minerals
    6. Chapter 6. The Rock Cycle
    7. Chapter 7. Igneous Rocks
    8. Chapter 8. Weathering, Sediment, and Soil
    9. Chapter 9. Sedimentary Rocks
    10. Chapter 10. Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks
    11. Chapter 11. Volcanism
    12. Chapter 12. Earthquakes
    13. Chapter 13. Geological Structures
    14. Chapter 14. Streams and Floods
    15. Chapter 15. Mass Wasting
    16. Chapter 16. Earth-System Change
    17. 17. Glaciation
    18. Chapter 18. Geological Resources
    19. Chapter 19. Understanding Geological Time